Rembrandt van Rijn, The Night Watch (Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq), 1642. Would you like to help pass on The Night Watch to future generations? The Year of Rembrandt, 2019, marks the 350th anniversary of the artist’s death with two major exhibitions honouring the great master painter. Two Raphael paintings unearthed at the Vatican after 500 years. This will ensure that the painting can remain on display for museum visitors. The varnish was removed in the 1940s, revealing a much brighter composition, but the name stuck. Last restored in 1975 following a knife attack, the restoration of The Night Watch is expected to take years. de Carvalho-Heineken, PACCAR Foundation, Piet van der Slikke & Sandra Swelheim, American Express Foundation, Familie De Rooij, Het AutoBinck Fonds, Segula Technologies, Dina & Kjell Johnsen, Familie D. Ermia, Familie M. van Poecke, Bruker Nano Analytics, Henry M. Holterman Fonds, Irma Theodora Fonds, Luca Fonds, Piek-den Hartog Fonds, Stichting Zabawas, Cevat Fonds, Johanna Kast-Michel Fonds, Marjorie & Jeffrey A. Rosen, Stichting Thurkowfonds and the Night Watch Fund. Since 2014 she has been working at the Rijksmuseum on different projects such as the development of the Paint Sample Database and a user-friendly system to gain color accurate photographs of cross-sections and the research and conservation of Rembrandt’s portraits of Marten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit. She will be involved in the technical research of Rembrandt’s Night Watch. Having been trained as a gold- and silversmith, Robert was subsequently trained as a conservator at the National Higher Institute of Fine Arts in Antwerp. Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum has placed Rembrandt’s baroque masterpiece The Night Watch (1642) on public display as the museum begins an extensive restoration. Rembrandt expert Jonathan Bikker answers this and various other questions in this publication. Operation Night Watch is the largest research and conservation project ever on 'the Night Watch'. The results of the various studies are now last coming together and that means that a plan for the restoration can be drawn up. Prior to joining the Rijksmuseum in 2014, she worked for 18 years at the Mauritshuis in The Hague, where she treated numerous paintings by Rembrandt. He is currently involved in the scientific research of the Night Watch, where he is responsible for the scientific data infrastructure and computational imaging. The Rijksmuseum continually monitors the condition of the Night Watch, and it has been discovered that changes are occurring, such as the blanching on the dog figure at the lower right of the painting. He studied Art History at McMaster University and Queen’s University in Canada. The Night Watch is photographed in daylight. For example, the researchers may want to discover the reason for the white haze that can be seen in the picture surface here and there. Operation Night Watch will be carried out over the coming years – in a glass chamber so the visiting public can follow its progress. She also holds an appointment as Associate Professor of Chemistry at the University of Amsterdam (UvA). From 2016 to 2018 she led the scientific research in support of the treatment of Rembrandt’s portraits of Marten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit. Anna Krekeler was trained as a paintings conservator at the University of Fine Arts in Dresden, where she graduated in 2007. Roeloefs is currently involved in the art historical research of the Night Watch and is part of the Night Watch advisory committee. The project aims to go deep into the history of the "The Night Watch," investigating Rembrandt's technique and the impact of previous restorations, analyzing the canvas with the latest imaging technology, and eventually coming up with the best possible plan to preserve the artwork for future generations. The large-scale 12.5 by … Help us to preserve The Night Watch for future generations. She trained as a chemist (MSc, UvA) and a paintings conservator (SRAL), before she specialized in the materials analysis and ageing and deterioration processes of old master paintings. Many of the previously applied varnishes consist of a natural resin that ages and yellows over time. She will be involved in the technical research and conservation treatment of Rembrandt’s Night Watch. Rembrandt's 17th century masterpiece "The Night Watch" begins restoration work on Monday in Amsterdam where visitors will be able to watch every step of the Rijksmuseum's biggest ever project. Susan Smelt is a paintings conservator who holds a BA and MA in Art History (University of Groningen) and a Professional Doctorate in Conservation and Restoration of Paintings (2012, University of Amsterdam). The sculpture gallery behind the Night Watch Gallery will be closed during Operation Night Watch. In 2016-2017 she was involved in the ‘Matthijs Maris at Work’ technical research project, and the accompanying book publication at the Rijksmuseum. She has worked on several paintings by Rembrandt's pupils and studio and will be involved in the technical research and treatment of Rembrandt’s Night Watch. She is currently involved in the technical art historical research of the Night Watch. For Operation Night Watch she will be responsible for the conservation treatment of the painting. “The Night Watch,” commissioned in 1642 by members of Amsterdam’s civic guard, is Rembrandt’s only painting of a militia group. In 2012-15 she was employed by the Vatican Museums, before that she had worked on the Omayyad paintings of UNESCO World Heritage site Qusayr Amra (Kingdom of Jordan, 2012) and held a private practice in conservation. A total of 34 characters appear in the painting. In 2016, two Rembrandt portraits were, The research phase will take almost a year, a representative of the Rijksmuseum team confirmed via email, and only then a final restoration plan will be presented. The department Science, a sub-department of Conservation & Science, conducts research on the Rijksmuseum collection in close collaboration with conservators, curators and (technical) art historians. The painting was commissioned around 1639 by Captain Banninck Cocq and seventeen members of his Kloveniers (civic militia guards). In addition, the cameras reveal the underlaying sketch layers or modifications. During this time he developed the metals conservation training program now being taught at the University of Amsterdam. The Night Watch has inspired artists and designers for centuries. Painted over several years, The Night Watch was commissioned as a group portrait of an Amsterdam city militia and broke new ground by showing its subjects in action rather than as a static portrait. The current varnish layers on the Night Watch are not original but were applied during the restorations in the ‘70s and ‘90s. She coordinated the research project ‘Matthijs Maris at Work’, and the accompanying book publication. He worked as a lecturer at various institutions, including the University of Bamberg, which appointed him 'honorary professor' in 2005. Van Heel has published two articles in the Rijksmuseum Bulletin in 2009. The Night Watch belongs to the city of Amsterdam, and it been the highlight of the Rijksmuseum collection since 1808. After shortly working at the Museum of the Tropics, he became a metals conservator at the Rijksmuseum in 1995. His current work focuses on applying data science and microstructural analysis to collect, process, and visualize massive multimodal datasets for art objects. Sorry, there aren’t any updates on the research phase yet. Katrien Keune has a PhD in chemistry and is head of Science at the Rijksmuseum. Die historische Sammlung der Kasseler Gemäldegalerie' (2006) and in Amsterdam 'Late Rembrandt' (2015, with Jonathan Bikker in collaboration with the National Gallery, London). In 2014 Lisette participated in the research project ‘From Isolation to Coherence: an Integrated Technical, Visual and Historical Study of 17th and 18th Century Dutch Painting Ensembles’ at the Delft University of Technology and the Rijksmuseum. Minuscule samples of paint are taken in order to answer several questions about The Night Watch. The multi-million-euro overhaul of the giant 1642 masterpiece, one of the world's most famous paintings, will also be streamed online so that "everyone in the world" can see. In the framework of Operation Night Watch, Victor will carry out chemical imaging of the painting and synchrotron studies of pigments used by Rembrandt. First, separate photos were taken, which were subsequently digitally assembled to form a single image. The scan can reveal the different crystalline structures of pigments at an atomic level. Prior to this, he held a one-year postdoctoral position at TU Delft, after obtaining a PhD in Chemistry from the Sorbonne-UPMC University and the Center for Research and Restoration of the Museums of France in Paris (C2RMF). In the meantime, they added, the public will still have the opportunity to see Rembrandt's biggest masterpiece through the 28-feet-by-22-feet glass chamber, which will make the research work "more exciting. From 2010 to 2016 he was a freelance photographer involved in the Bosch Research and Conservation Project. The second exhibition, Rembrandt-Velázquez (11 October 2019 to 19 January 2020), will put the master in international context by placing 17th-century Spanish and Dutch masterpieces in dialogue with each another. Petria Noble is Head of Paintings Conservation at the Rijksmuseum. Rembrandt's Night Watch. In the webshop of the Rijksmuseum you will find the greatest gift items with this incomparable masterpiece. Nienke conducted full restoration treatments and technical research on paintings by Colijn de Coter, Jan van Goyen, Aert de Gelder, George Hendrik Breitner and Fernand Khnopff. Ige Verslype studied Art History at the University of Utrecht and was trained as a paintings conservator at the Limburg Conservation Institute (SRAL), Maastricht. Some of them are examined more in depth here. He is, with Carola van Wijk, the author of the Instruction manual for 2d objects for the Rijksmuseum. What has already happened? In 2013 she successfully defended her Ph.D. thesis ‘All that glitters is not gold. From this week, "The Night Watch," one of Dutch master Rembrandt's most famous paintings, will be painstakingly restored in front of what could be millions of onlookers. The first research part of Operation Night Watch has been a succes. Henni is also involved in establishing guidelines for 2D digitization that serve as the standard for all photography in the museum. Rembrandt painting for sale comes with artist's fingerprints. Within the Night Watch project Lisette will be involved in the technical research and conservation treatment of Rembrandt’s Night Watch. Annelies van Loon is Paintings research scientist at the Rijksmuseum and the Mauritshuis. This will ensure that the painting can remain on display for museum visitors. A digital platform will allow viewers from all over the world to follow the entire process online continuing the Rijksmuseum innovation in the digital field. This detailed study is necessary to determine the best treatment plan, and will involve imaging techniques, high-resolution photography and highly advanced computer analysis. In addition, more than 12,000 high-resolution photographs will be taken from a distance of up to 5 micrometers (a thousandth of a millimeter), revealing never before seen details in the pigments. Esther van Duijn is a paintings conservator and researcher, who has specialised in the history of paintings conservation in the Netherlands and has published widely on this subject. Giulia Sara de Vivo is a paintings conservator trained at the Istituto Centrale per il Restauro in Rome (2007) and at the Universita’ della Tuscia (2014). He has also contributed to a number of Rijksmuseum exhibition catalogs. To gain a better understanding of its condition as a whole, the decision has been taken to conduct a thorough examination. During and after her conservation studies she worked at the Stichting Restauratie Atelier Limburg (SRAL), the Mauritshuis and in private practice. Die Blendung Simsons und der Segen Jakobs' (2005/2006), 'Rembrandts landscapes' (2006, in collaboration with the Lakenhal, Leyden), 'Rembrandt-Bilder. Rijksmuseum visitors will be invited to watch the restoration of The Night Watch, Rembrandt’s most celebrated masterpiece next year. All three can detect a different band of the electromagnetic spectrum. He is the author of ‘Marten and Oopjen: two monumental portraits by Rembrandt’ (2016) and ‘Rembrandt: Biography of a Rebel’ (2019). Paintings are often varnished with a transparent varnish layer to saturate and protect the paint layers. His PhD (1987) concerned art theory of the Dutch 17th century. Step across the red cord, take captain Frans Banninck Cocq’s hand, zoom in and let yourself be carried away into the world of the Night Watch. He is currently involved in the art historical research of the Night Watch. You’ll find the massive painting in the Gallery of Honour located in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam.It is the first time since 1976 that the Rembrandt painting is being restored. Our website uses cookies. The technique employed can identify different pigments very precisely on the evidence of their crystalline structure. The depiction of gold-brocaded velvets in fifteenth- and early sixteenth-century Netherlandish paintings’. The architect of the Rijksmuseum building Pierre Cuypers (1827-1921) even created a dedicated gallery of honour for the Night Watch, and it is now admired there by more than 2.2 million people annually. The Night Watch was last restored in 1976 after a visitor vandalized it with a bread knife. She graduated with a BA in chemistry (2009) and a MA in Physical Chemistry (2011) and a PhD in Chemical science applied to cultural heritage study (2015) at the University of Perugia and CNR-ISTM. That enables the researchers to distinguish between the various pigments. In 1715, when it was removed from its original location, it was trimmed on all sides to make it fit between two columns in its new home, at the Amsterdam Town Hall, cutting off a portion of Rembrandt's original work and losing two figures. Operation Night Watch is made possible by The Bennink Foundation, C.L. Currently she works as project coordinator of the scientific research and conservation treatment of the Night Watch. To start, the huge painting -- measuring 12.5 feet by 15 feet and weighing 740 pounds -- will be unframed and placed in a rig with two platform lifts that will allow researchers to reach across its surface. This was one of a series of seven similar paintings of the militiamen ( More information? The restorers, data experts and art historians at the Rijksmuseum call it Operation Night Watch. Big, bigger, bigger! A great deal of experience has been gained in the Rijksmuseum relating to the restoration of Rembrandt’s paintings. The Night Watch is scanned successively by three different cameras. It belongs to us all, and that is why we have decided to conduct the restoration within the museum itself – and everyone, wherever they are, will be able to follow the process online. The restoration … Operation Night Watch would not be possible without our benefactors and partners. She is responsible for the photography of 3D objects and paintings and for the museum’s conservation photography. In October 2018, the Nightwatch becomes breaking news in both the Dutch and international media: the Rijksmuseum announces a large-scale research project and subsequent restoration of the Nightwatch. The actual restoration is expected to start early next year - a few months later than planned as the coronavirus delayed the studies. For Operation As part of the research team for Operation Night Watch, Francesca will be responsible for the visible (VIS) to near Infrared (NIR) imaging spectroscopy techniques. He gives advice about technical specifications when outsourcing diverse projects and how to maintain quality standards throughout the process. The multi-million-euro overhaul of Rembrandt's 'The Night Watch', one of the world's most famous paintings, will be streamed online An Amsterdam museum on … Rembrandt was paid 1,600 guilders for the painting (each person paid one hundred), a large sum at the time. In 1911 it was attacked with a knife by a visitor who wanted to protest the fact that he was unemployed. In 2016-2018 she led the treatment of Rembrandt’s 1634 portraits of Marten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit. One of the research projects he is co-supervising is the Thread Count Automation Project on the Utrecht Caravaggisti. Rembrandt's masterpiece The Night Watch is to stay on public display as part of the Rijksmuseum's biggest restoration project in its history. Lisette has worked on special projects for the reopening of the Rijksmuseum in 2013, this included the stretching of two large scale wax-resin lined paintings, one being the largest free hanging painting in the Rijksmuseum: The Battle of Waterloo (J.W. Among the exhibition projects he was involved in are ‘Asia > Amsterdam’ (2015, with Peabody Essex Museum, Salem) and ‘Hercules Segers’ (2016, with the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York). You wish to order {{totalArticles}} tickets. Robert is project leader of the scientific research and conservation treatment of the Night Watch. In the framework of Operation Night Watch she will work on different photographic techniques. It is more than 40 years since the Night Watch underwent its last major restoration, following an attack on the painting in 1975. Carola is, with Henni van Beek, the author of the instruction manual for the photography of 2D objects. Her current research activities include the application of non-invasive imaging techniques for the study of late Rembrandt paintings. With the support of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, the City of Amsterdam, Founder Philips and main sponsors BankGiro Lottery, ING and KPN every year more than 2 million people visit the Rijksmuseum and The Night Watch. For Operation Night Watch, Katrien will be responsible for the scientific research and paint sample analyses. Jonathan Bikker has worked at the Rijksmuseum since 2001 and has been Curator of Research since 2006. Weber studied art history at universities in Cologne, Aachen and Utrecht. In 2012 he finished his PhD at Delft University of Technology combining Materials Science and Art History with the title: ‘Technical Studies of Renaissance Bronzes'. Because the painting has never been sold, it's hard to put a value on it and it is considered priceless. With his skills as a semi-physicist, he has developed several tools to improve the photographic workflow. Gregor J.M. The Rijksmuseum will livestream the restoration of its most famous painting, "The Night Watch" by Rembrandt, so you can watch it on your phone from anywhere in the world. The most famous work of Rembrandt, the Night Watch, will get a grand restoration starting July 2019. As conservator she worked on numerous paintings from the 17th to the 19th century, from Van Goyen to Van Gogh. Pieneman). She is responsible for managing, assessing and performing conservation work on paintings going on loan. It is more than 40 years since the Night Watch underwent its last major restoration, following an attack on the painting in 1975. The Night Watch In the framework of Operation Night Watch she will work on different photographic techniques. "The Night Watch" -- the official title of which is the less catchy "Militia Company of District II under the Command of Captain Frans Banninck Cocq" -- depicts one of Amsterdam's civil guard companies and was commissioned by its leader, Frans Banninck Cocq, who was also the city's mayor. Each scan will take 24 hours and 56 scans will be required to cover the entire canvas. Robert Erdmann is Senior Scientist at the Rijksmuseum and Full Professor in the Faculties of Science (Physics) and Humanities (Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage) at the University of Amsterdam, positions he has held since 2014. Lisette Vos is a paintings conservator at the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. In total the robot has taken more than 8400 photos at an extremely high resolution of 5 microme-tres, or five thousandths of a millimetre. From this week, "The Night Watch," one of Dutch master Rembrandt's most famous paintings, will be painstakingly restored in front of what could be millions of onlookers. 2744. Benefactors and partners of the Rijksmuseum It was left with several cuts up to 12 inches long, leading to the last major restoration work. One reflects on the research into the identification of the guardsmen in Rembrandt’s Night Watch and the other on a suggestion for a new interpretation of its original location. It will then be scanned millimeter by millimeter using X-rays, which will result in a map of the exact chemical elements that it is made of, laying Rembrandt's painting process bare. The Night Watch will be encased in a state-of-the-art clear glass chamber designed by the French architect Jean Michel Wilmotte. In 2013 she joined the interdisciplinary research ‘From Isolation to Coherence: an Integrated Technical, Visual and Historical Study of 17th and 18th Century Dutch Painting Ensembles’. Laura Raven is a Junior Paintings Conservator who graduated from the University of Amsterdam with a BA in Art History (2011), and a MSc (2013) and Professional Doctorate (2016) in Conservation and Restoration of Paintings. Its nickname derives from the fact that the many layers of varnish applied to the painting over the centuries darkened it to the point that it seemed to depict a night scene. ED OUDENAARDEN / AFP / Getty. When The research team working on the Night Watch is made up of researchers, conservators and restorers from the Rijksmuseum, which will conduct this research in close collaboration with museums and universities in the Netherlands and abroad. AkzoNobel is main partner of Operation Night Watch. The first time was in 1947, where 63 holes and cracks were noted and repaired. "The Night Watch" has a troubled history. 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