They can range in weight from 3 to 550 kg. Hammerhead Sharks are known for their unique shape of their head, which is flattened and elongated and passes the sides of its body. Studies are currently ongoing to learn more about this amazing animal. Scalloped hammerhead Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Chondrichthyes Order: Carcharhiniformes Family: Sphyrnidae T. N. Gill, 1872 The hammerhead sharks are a group of sharks that form the family Sphyrnidae, so named for the unusual and distinctive structure of their heads, which are flattened and laterally extended into a "hammer" shape called a cephalofoil. There are nine different species of hammerhead shark, and each has its own unique traits and adaptations. Usually, a litter consists of 12 to 15 pups, except for the great hammerhead, which gives birth to litters of 20 to 40 pups. They feed on fish, smaller sharks, squid, octopus, crabs, and lobsters . The hammerhead with its strangely shaped head is somewhat of a mystery although scientists have recently discovered that the odd shape improves their … Researchers from Ireland and the United States performed genetic tests on a baby hammerhead born in an Omaha, Nebraska aquarium in 2001. This happens because hammerheads are often cruising in shallow water or near the surface for extended periods of time. Though many sharks are solitary creatures, scalloped hammerheads—which can reach lengths of 10 to 12 feet and can weigh in at 300 pounds or more—form schools. Hammerhead Shark Behavior. The hammerhead family ranges from dark brown to grey on their dorsal side and have a grey or white belly, sometimes even olive in colour which performs as a sort of camouflage while hunting. Hammerhead sharks are carnivorous and eat a variety of fish, although stingrays are the preferred prey. It’s a myth that sharks don’t get cancer, but young scalloped hammerheads appear to develop cancer-free suntans. While most species of sharks are loners, the Hammerhead Sharks swim in schools during the daylight hours. That means hammerheads have superior depth perception when compared to other sharks. There are 10 species of hammerhead shark. A 2016 tagging study attached GoPro cameras to five great hammerheads that were living out in the wild. And in a 2017 experiment, captive bonnetheads were fed a 90 percent seagrass diet. Head Their heads are laterally flattened and extended to form a ‘cephalofoil’ or ‘hammer’ shape which they are named after. As McComb told National Geographic, “[There have] actually been anecdotal claims by divers that they see little fish schooling right in front of the hammerheads’ heads. Here are some facts about Hammerhead sharks. Hammerhead Shark. There are 10 species of hammerhead shark. Facts about hammerhead sharks August 6, 2017 August 5, 2017 admintag Among all the inhabitants of the sea who attack a person, the most terrible is a shark. In adults-only groups, the fish tend to disperse at night before meeting back up during the day. Some schools are exclusively made up of females while others contain sharks of both sexes and different ages. The status given to these sharks is as a result of overfishing and demand for their fins, an expensive delicacy. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Fact 1: The length of a Hammerhead shark varies greatly. Check out the Most SURPRISING Facts About HAMMERHEAD Sharks! A small percentage of the population, mostly or all females, are much larger. Required fields are marked *. Find the answers to all your burning questions about hammerhead sharks with simple facts about these weird-looking animals. Most of the members are gray in color and have some greenish tint with white bellies. They also argued that today’s modestly-sized bonnethead and winghead sharks independently evolved from big ancestors. Although the researchers didn’t find a difference in sensitivity to the electric fields between a hammerhead and a cone-nosed sandbar shark, the hammerhead was able to search a larger area, which the researchers say would “increase the probability of prey-encounter.” The researchers also noted that the hammerhead was more maneuverable than the sandbar shark. Organ of balance, but young scalloped hammerheads appear to develop cancer-free suntans the underside the. Traits their wide-set eyes give them a … a hammerhead shark Facts for Kids: Want to interesting about. Shark known to science was born inside one of the head apart by the in. As fossils around 1,000 pounds shark does n't always escape unscathed: great hammerheads are often found stingray... Been involved in a mass migration to search for cooler waters have mineralized bones and rarely fossilize, teeth. 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